Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Andrew Morgan Gant

Andrew Morgan Gant was born on March 10, 1872, in Sumner County, Tennessee. He was the fifth child (the third son) of James Abram Gant and Soviah Elizabeth Rippy.

In 1880 the family still lived in Tennessee at District 12, Sumner County (Census records)*.
J Abram Gant Age 40
Sophia E Gant wife
39
Dona Gant daughter
15
L Lee Gant son
12
M Alice Gant daughter
10
Andrew M Gant son
8
James K Gant son
6
Mary E Gant daughter
6
Wm Sidney Gant son
3
Orlando W Gant son
a few months old

Mr. James Abram Gant was a farmer. The Census paper from the 1880 year informs also that other Gant family members lived in the same area, very close to his farm. It was his three years younger brother William Henry with 36-year-old wife Malinda Frances nee Cline and their children Anne Laura (9), Alonzo Wilson (7) and Herman Franklin (5). Then third Gant's farm at District 12 was the one run by Andrew's 22-year-old cousin Joseph Mansfield Gant (son of Jonathan Kerr Gant - James Abram's brother) and his 17-year-old wife Cynthia Henrietta nee Anglea.

A bit farther from Andrew's family's farm, but still at the same 12th District, there were two farms which belonged to two relations as well.

#1 was the farm of Mr. Andrew Jackson Cline (born in 1806) who was Malinda's father. In 1880, he lived there with his wife Mary Cynthia nee Fykes (born in 1815).

Farm # 2 was the one run by Malinda's cousin John William Cline (b. 1838 in TN). His wife was Louisa Elizabeth "Lucy" Riggs. In 1880, they lived on the farm with their 10 children.


What is even more interesting, other families and surnames mentioned on the above page of the 1880 Census records, were also keens of Andrew Morgan Gant's. John W. T. Mattox was related to the Gant family through intermarriages of the Mattox, Gant, and Perdue people. John's wife R. Sophia nee Fykes was not a stranger in the family either. The Fykes surname appears in the family tree - they were related to the Clines. Just to remind you that Malinda Frances Cline was married to Andrew Morgan's father's brother. Anyway, R. Sophia Mattox died in 1885, five years after that Census.

There is more. Family #121 listed on the page: Alexander Dallas Braswell, his wife Elvira Isabell and their six children. Elvira's maiden name was Cline. She was a sister of Malinda Frances. And it is not all! Family #122: John I J Charlton (54), wife Amanda M (48) nee Satterfield, their five children and Amanda's mother Dorcas Satterfield born Thacker (74). The Charltons were related to the Gants and Clines via marriages with the Anglea and the Rippy families. I think it's amazing that they all lived close to each other.

According to the family notes, the closest relations most likely called Andrew Morgan Gant by his middle name as this is how the picture of him was labeled.


The last event in Morgan's immediate family which happened and was recorded in Tennessee was the marriage of his brother Louicillious Lee Gant and Miss Johnetta Isabella Anderson. The ceremony took place in Sumner County, TN on August 26, 1889. The bride's parents were Mr. John Austin Anderson and Ms. Sarah Austin.

Morgan's other siblings and parents very likely moved to Texas by 1886 as Martha Alice Gant, Morgan's sister, married Mr. John Edward Dupree in 1890, inPlano, Collin County, Texas. Maybe Morgan stayed in TN with Louicillious and his wife? The first three children of the Loucillious Gants' were born in Tennessee. The fourth one, Gracie, was born in Texas on December 3, 1890. It seems, that by then, they all must had joined the rest of the family who already lived in Texas.

Anyway, according to my research, Andrew Morgan Gant got married in 1891 in Tennessee. The girl she married was Miss Nannie Ann Gunter, born on April 19, 1877, in Frankenwing Co., TN. If my findings are correct, she was about 14 then (she was 5 years younger than her spouse). Nannie's parents were William Jackson Gunter and Loretta F McCrackin.

In 1891, there was another marriage in the Gant family. Morgan's sister Mary Emma tied the knot with Mr. W. R. Hart of Kentucky. It was on December 16, 1891, in Collin County, TX.

Morgan and Nannie's first child, Claude was born in Plano, Texas on September 2, 1892. Unfortunately, the boy lived about a month only - he died on October 23, 1892. Two years later, the young couple mourned their daughter Teenie who was born on March 7, 1894 (in Plano as well) and left this world on March 24, 1894.

A year later, on August 23, 1895, the second daughter was welcomed to the family. Her name was Georgia Lou.

Very sadly, the fourth child and the second son of Morgan and Nannie's, Oliver Jack, did not survive either. He was born on January 7, 1898, and he lived only 5 months - he passed on June 6, 1898.

In the very same year, there was a happier event in the family - Morgan's younger brother Sidney William (born on Nov. 26, 1876, in TN) married Miss Mollie Ann Massey (born on July 24, 1881, in Macon, Bibb Co., GA). Mollie was a daughter of Hugh Elbert Massey and Arminta Irna Hogan (nee Wilson).

In 1900 another Census** was carried out. At that time, Andrew Morgan and Nannie lived at Justice Precinct 5 (west part) Plano town, Collin, Texas.

Andrew M Gant
age 27 - born Tennessee

Nannie Gant

wife


23

- born Tennessee
Georgia L Gant daughter
5
- born in Texas
The records say that Morgan was a farmer, he rented a farm which was situated close to his father's farm. Also, studying the information included on the Census page, we can find out that Morgan's mother Soviah was illiterate.


In 1900, some family members, The Gants' relatives, were recorded in the same Plano area as well. There was Cpt. James Kennon Aldridge (born in TN in 1829), his wife Mariah Letitia nee Lively (born in 1843 in KY) and their children. John Kennon's son Joel Lively (born in 1864, in Plano, TX) his wife Lizzie nee Dye (born in 1873 in Plano too) and their 8-year-old daughter Fannie also were listed in the Census then. Other surnames which we can find on the very same page of the 1900 records and also appear in the family trere are: Fykes, Brent and Rice. However, so far I have not found the connection of those particular individuals to Morgan's family branch.

Around 1900, there was a marriage in the family. Andrew Morgan's youngest brother Walter Orlando was the groom. According to the records, he was the only one who stayed in Tennessee. Maybe because his bride Hattie Jane Anglea was from there as well. Actually she was the two brothers' distant cousin.

A year later, another daughter was born to Andrew and Morgan. They named her Maud Ruth.
The family was growing. The fourth baby girl came to this world on February 20, 1903. It was little Bessie B.

In the very same year, Andrew Morgan lost his mother Soviah. She passed on December 23, 1903. That year Christmas must have been very sad for the family. Soviah Elizabeth Gant was buried at the Municipal Cemetery in Plano.

About four years later, Andrew and his wife celebrtaed the birth of their youngest girl Elsie May.

In 1910***, Morgan, his wife and children still lived at Justice Precinct 5, Collin, Texas.  

A M Gant
Age 38
Nannie Gant wife
33
Georgia Gant daughter
14 born in Texas
Maud Gant daughter
9 b. in Texas
Bessie Gant daughter
7 b. in Texas
Elsie Gant daughter
3 b. in Texas
Jesse Gunter hired man
22 b. in Texas

The "hired man" was Nannie's brother Jesse Davis. Most probably, he worked with Andrew at the farm.
Their closest neighbours were not Morgan's parents. It seems Sidney William and his wife Mollie had taken over the farm which previously belonged to Sidney and Andrew's parents.  The young couple and their five children were closest neighbors of Andrew and Nannie's.

I am not sure where James Abram, Morgan's father, lived in 1910 as I have found no records regarding the man. Maybe he lived with Andrew Morgan and Nannie.

A year after the Census, the Andrew Morgan's family had a really happy Christmas Eve. They celebrated the mariage of Georgia Lou's. Her spouse was Green Berry Mayes born on April 28, 1888, in Morristown, Hamblen, Tennessee. Georgia's in-laws were Andrew Johnson Mayes and Susan Marinda Mathes of Tennessee.
Georgia and Green Berry had five children: Nannie Sue (b. Sept. 1912, in Plano - d. March 30 1913), Helen Ruth (b. Oct. 1, 1913 - d. Feb. 18, 1999), Frederick Ray (b. Nov. 15, 1920 in Murphy, Collin, TX - d. March 14, 1995, Plano, Collin Co.), Bessie Mae (b. Feb. 8, 1923 in Murphy - d. Sept. 22, 1992 in Dallas, TX) and James Lynn (b. Dec. 11, 1931 Murphy - d. July 8, 2009 in Frisco, Denton County, TX).
On April 1, 1914, Andrew's father, James Abram Gant left this world. He was buried in Plano, next to his wife Soviah.

The 1920 Census**** shows that Andrew and Nannie lived with their daughters and Jesse Gunter at Justice Precinct 5, Collin, Texas.

A Morgan Gant
age 47
Nanny Gant     wife 43
Maude R Gant daughter
19
Bessie Gant daughter
16
Elsie M Gant daughter
13
Jessie Gunter brother-in-law
28

Andrew and his brother brother Sidney William were no longer neighbours in 1920. Possibly Andrew + family moved (to Murphy?). We can see that different people lived by their place. On the same page of that Census, there is the name of Andrew's sister's (Orpha K.'s) mother-in-law Delia Adeline Starnes. Delia was widowed in 1904 (her husband was Bishop Ellis Starnes of SC). In 1920 she lived with her 77-year-old mother Mrs. Margaret L Merrit. Another relation who lived close Andrew Morgan then was Delia's son and Orpha's brother-in-law Thomas Dewey Starnes. His wife Rosa Lee Hooper and a year-old daughter Mary E. were also recorded by Census in 1920.

The youngest daughter of Andrew's, Elsie May, got married at the age of 18, on March 4, 1925. Her husband was O'Neal B. Hillin. They had two children (at least this is what I have found so far) Bobby Oneal (b. 1926) and Nannie E (b. 1935).

Very likely there were three marriages in the family - year after year.

Maud Ruth married Jake Logan Brand of Justice Precinct 3, Dallas, TX (born on August 20, 1901), son of Albert Roscoe Brand and Alabama Elizabeth Sachse's. Maud and Jake had two children Dorothy Sue (b.1927) and Jake Logan Brand Jr. (b. 1939).

Bessie B Gant, another daughter of Andrew's, possibly got married around 1927. Her spouse was Henry Barton Jones (born on Oct. 25, 1901). The couple had three daughters Tommie Lee (b. September 12, 1928 in Murphy - d. Nov. 28, 2013, in Marshall, Harrison County, TX), Bettie Ruth (born Oct. 18, 1936), and Mary Bess (b. on May 20, 1942 in Dallas, Dallas Co., TX).

In 1951, Andrew Morgan's health deteriorated suddenly due to cerebral hemorrhage. He was 79 then. Probably after the stroke, Andrew was (at least) partially disabled/paralyzed. I do not know who looked after him later. Probably, it was his wife Nannie. It must have been a hit to the wife. I reckon the family tragedy and changed life circumstances were too much of a load to her as she herself had a stroke as well. However, the death certificate states that the reason of that was (untreated?) hypertension. Nannie lived in Murphy then but she was treated at the City County Hospital in McKinney for two days. Sadly, on October 29, 1952, Nannie Ann passed away. The death certificate was confirmed by Mrs. J L Brand - it was Maude Ruth Brand, Nannie, and Morgan's daughter.

The family used the service of Harrington Funeral Home represented by Mr. J O Harrington. Nannie Ann Gant was buried at Plano Mutual Cemetery.

It seems that a few month's after Nannie's death, her husband was placed in an institution which was in Dallas County (possibly in Dallas) where he stayed for about 8 months till his death. The address of the place given on death certificate was "Royal Lane Rt. 6, Box 332.

Almost a year later, Andrew Morgan's condition got worse - it was pneumonia which was treated for two days with no positive results. Andrew Morgan Gant passed away on August 25, 1953. He lived 81 years, 4 months and 25 days. As it was previously, the family member who confirmed the data on the death certificate was Mrs. J L Brand. And again, Harrington Funeral Home took care of Andrew's burial. He rests with his wife at the cemetery in Plano.


As for Andrew Morgan and Nannie Ann's daughters

Georgia Lou Mayes remarried circa 1973. Her second husband was Mr. Leffel Gant, widower - they lived in Dallas. Georgia was treated at a hospital in Dallas for several weeks due to severe health problems. She died on December 28, 1973 and was buried in Plano (the Harrington funeral home mentioned above had turned to Harrington-Betcher-Dickey).



Bessie B passed on Sept. 3, 1975 at her home in Murphy, Rt.2 Box 136 Plano, TX.


Maud Ruth died on July 17, 1986 in Dallas, Dallas Co.

Elsie May died on November 7, 1985 in the city of Dallas, TX.


Credits:
Photos of gravestones: mystic75054

Information and census data: familysearch.org

*  "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDWX-BF8 : 15 July 2017), Sophia E Gant in household of J Abram Gant, District 12, Sumner, Tennessee, United States; citing enumeration district ED 218, sheet 186A, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1282; FHL microfilm 1,255,282.

** "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M3LQ-X57 : accessed 17 January 2018), Sofia E Gant in household of James A Gant, Justice Precinct 5 (west part) Plano town, Collin, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 16, sheet 23B, family 453, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,621.

*** "United States Census, 1910," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M2SC-SRF : accessed 17 January 2018), Nannie Gant in household of A M Gant, Justice Precinct 5, Collin, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 21, sheet 2A, family 27, NARA microfilm publication T624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982), roll 1540; FHL microfilm 1,375,553.

**** "United States Census, 1920," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MCMS-421 : accessed 17 January 2018), Elsie M Gant in household of A Morgan Gant, Justice Precinct 5, Collin, Texas, United States; citing ED 23, sheet 5A, line 33, family 88, NARA microfilm publication T625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1789; FHL microfilm 1,821,789.



Monday, January 15, 2018

Wywiady Klubowe: Rozmowa z Anną Jędrzejczyk

Witamy wszystkich w Nowym Roku! Cieszymy się, że nas odwiedziliście, by przeczytać kolejny odcinek naszej Klubowej serii.

Witamy się również z Anną, pierwszą uczestniczką Wywiadów Klubu Polki na Obczyźnie w roku 2018.

Anno, gdzie jest Twoje miejsce w Polsce?

Urodziłam się w Jaśle, małym mieście na Podkarpaciu – tam się wychowywałam i chodziłam do szkoły. Następnie przez 5 lat studiowałam w Krakowie, a potem wyjechałam do Warszawy. Mieszkałam tam przez kilka lat, by później wyjechać do Niemiec i po kilku latach powrócić. Obecnie ze względu na studia doktoranckie na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim zasadniczo stacjonuję w Warszawie, choć nadal często wyjeżdżam. Każde z tych polskich miast w jakiś sposób mnie ukształtowało i nie potrafię powiedzieć, które z nich jest „moim miejscem” w Polsce. Bardzo dobrze czuję się w Wilanowie w Warszawie oraz na warszawskich Bulwarach Wiślanych, ale nie mogę powiedzieć, że cała Warszawa mi się podoba. W Krakowie poleciłabym Rynek Główny oraz kampus Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego, gdyż są to miejsca w Krakowie, które wiele dla mnie znaczą. W Jaśle natomiast również lubię tereny rynku, a to w szczególności dlatego, że mając 16-17 lat, śpiewałam tam na scenie. Jak zatem widać – w wymienionych wyżej miastach są pewne obszary (miejsca), które mogłabym określić jako „moje”. Rzadko jednak zdarza się, abym określiła całe miasto jako moje miejsce w Polsce. W wielu miejscach na świecie dobrze się czułam i teraz moje serce rozdarte jest pomiędzy nimi. Podobno nasza ojczyzna jest tam, gdzie nasi przyjaciele. A ja mam przyjaciół rozproszonych po całym świecie.

Jak dawno temu wyjechałaś z Polski?

Trudno jest mi jednoznacznie odpowiedzieć na to pytanie, gdyż pierwszy raz wyjechałam do Niemiec w 2008 roku, a był to wyjazd na praktykę Erasmusa. Później w ramach współpracy międzynarodowej byłam przez kilka miesięcy w Stanach Zjednoczonych. Na „prawdziwą” emigrację do Niemiec wyjechałam w roku 2012 i wróciłam z niej w roku 2015, przy czym nie do końca „wróciłam”. Ciągle latam między Polską a Niemcami. Na emigracji w Niemczech mieszkałam w takich miastach jak Leipzig (Lipsk), Berlin czy München (Monachium). Obecnie (od 2015 roku) jestem doktorantką na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim, co wiąże się z powtarzającymi się, miesięcznymi wyjazdami na stypendia naukowe do Niemiec – do różnych ośrodków naukowych. Do tej pory byłam 3 razy w Mainz (Moguncji) oraz 1 raz w Hamburgu. Niby zatem wróciłam do Polski, ale tak naprawdę ciągle wyjeżdżam i mam wrażenie, że nadal jestem na emigracji. Ostatnio dzielę swoje życie między Polską a Niemcami.

Kraj i przyczyna Twojej emigracji to...

Wyemigrowałam do Niemiec i uważam, że była to jedna z najlepszych decyzji w moim życiu. Dlaczego wyemigrowałam? Chciałam nauczyć się języka niemieckiego i wrócić do Polski. Niemcy kojarzyły mi się ze sztywnymi ludźmi, brzydkim językiem i z II wojną światową. Miałam zatem bardzo stereotypowe myślenie o Niemczech. Język niemiecki traktowałam tylko jako przepustkę do lepszej pracy w Polsce. Krótkie wyjazdy turystyczne do Niemiec nie zmieniły mojego zdania na ten temat.

Muszę podkreślić, że na emigrację do Niemiec wyjechałam sama i na miejscu nie miałam żadnej rodziny ani przyjaciół, zatem moja decyzja była bardzo ryzykowna. Okazała się być jednak trafna! Niemcy zaskoczyli mnie niesamowicie… Okazali się przesympatycznymi ludźmi, którzy zaskoczyli mnie swoją chęcią pomocy „obcemu”, tzn. bezinteresownie udostępniali mi swoje mieszkania, abym miała gdzie mieszkać (w Monachium znalezienie mieszkania graniczyło z cudem), dawali mi również bezpłatne lekcje, tylko po to, aby… ze mną chwilę porozmawiać ☺. Tak po prostu! Cóż z tego, że jestem obcokrajowcem! Niesamowite uczucie – ludzkości i pewnego rodzaju uwrażliwienia na sytuację ludzką. Z pracodawcami niemieckimi rozmawiało mi się również świetnie – jeśli nawet zostałam zwolniona, to wiedziałam CZEMU i co mogłabym zrobić, aby kiedyś wrócić. Większość sytuacji w Niemczech była dla mnie jasna i klarowna. Nigdy nie było „drugiego dna”. Potrzebowałam pomocy i tę pomoc otrzymałam. Po 3 latach ciężkiej pracy otrzymałam jedno z najwyższych stanowisk w międzynarodowym przedsiębiorstwie w Monachium. Sama wtedy zaczęłam pomagać innym – głównie Polakom, którzy wyjechali na emigrację. A teraz pomagam Niemcom, ale w… Polsce.

Myślę, że to, w jaki sposób Niemcy mnie traktowali w swoim państwie, istotnie odcisnęło się na moim późniejszym życiu. Propaguję język i kulturę niemiecką w Polsce, a nie jest to łatwe, zwłaszcza w obecnych czasach. Czuję jednak, że „jestem im coś winna” – za to, w jaki sposób traktowali mnie w Niemczech. Przy czym ta „powinność” nie jest czymś rozumianym negatywnie bądź neutralnie, ponieważ w rzeczywistości jest „chęcią”. Podejmuję bardzo chętnie wszelaką aktywność, która propaguje język niemiecki i kulturę niemiecką w Polsce, a to m.in. dlatego, że dzięki temu przypominam sobie dobre chwile, do których zawsze chętnie wracam.

Co nam powiesz o swoim wykształceniu?

Ukończyłam studia ekonomiczne w Krakowie oraz w Grand Rapids w USA. Obecnie jestem doktorantką językoznawstwa na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim. Zmiana obszaru z ekonomii na językoznawstwo była dość ryzykowną decyzją, ale jej nie żałuję. Codziennie, poznając kolejne aspekty języka niemieckiego, uczę się tego, co sprawia mi ogromną przyjemność. Uwielbiam czytać książki i chodzić do czytelni, a zatem jestem chyba uzależniona od kolejnych etapów kariery akademickiej. Lubię się uczyć! I sama też lubię uczyć.

Czym zajmujesz się na co dzień?

Uczę w szkołach językowych i firmach w Warszawie oraz na całym świecie poprzez Skype'a. Ponadto czasami pracuję dla firm niemieckich i polskich w różnych miejscach w Niemczech i w Polsce. Kiedyś pracowałam w międzynarodowych działach marketingowych, a obecnie swoją wiedzę ekonomiczną i językoznawczą staram się wykorzystywać i wiązać ze sobą w różnego rodzaju prezentacjach, jak i podczas konferencji i innych spotkań. Innymi słowy, łączę ekonomię z językiem niemieckim i na odwrót.

Jakie masz hobby / co lubisz robić w czasie wolnym?

Czas emigracji był jednym z najbardziej intensywnych okresów w moim życiu, co odcisnęło się znacząco na moich aktualnych preferencjach dotyczących sposobów spędzania wolnego czasu. Przeżyłam 11 przeprowadzek w ciągu 3-4 lat oraz parę zmian pracy, nie mówiąc już o ludziach, których spotkałam na swojej drodze. Ciągle musiałam być przystosowana do zmian, do elastyczności i otwartości na różnego rodzaju wyzwania. Przy okazji musiałam być odporna na nieporozumienia z Niemcami, które na początku nagminnie się zdarzały. Ten okres rzucenia na głęboką wodę sprawił, że jako osoba młoda szybko się „zestarzałam psychicznie”. Mimo iż „jestem młoda” (podobno), nie jestem typem imprezowiczki ani podróżniczki. Lubię chodzić na spacery i lubię często być sama. Wiem… nie jest to zbyt nowoczesne i atrakcyjne . Jednak ja to lubię. Cisza sprawia, że czuję się naładowana energią i różnego rodzaju myślami, które następnie zapisuję w książkach lub w pracy doktorskiej. Oczywiście lubię spotkania z moimi uczniami, dla których np. organizuję „Wieczory z piosenkami niemieckimi w Warszawie”, oraz spotkania z innymi osobami, np. podczas organizowanych przeze mnie różnego rodzaju spotkań z Polakami w Monachium (grupa na Facebooku – „Spotkania kulturalne w Monachium”), ale po nich często mam okresy ciszy ☺. Głównie dlatego, że na co dzień jestem osobą bardzo żywiołową, więc taka regeneracja jest dla mnie konieczna. Ostatnio coraz częściej doceniam również obecność rodziny w moim życiu. Może dlatego, że zrozumiałam na emigracji, że nie jestem „samowystarczalna” i uzyskanie pomocy od innych ludzi wcale nie jest ujmą?

Z czego jesteś dumna?

Z emigracji, a mówiąc ściślej – z siebie na emigracji. Jestem dumna z tego, w jaki sposób poradziłam sobie na emigracji, zachowując pokorę, zrozumienie wobec obcej kultury i języka oraz optymizm przy wszelakiego rodzaju trudnościach. Wyjechałam do Niemiec, nie znając języka niemieckiego oraz mając marne szanse na zatrudnienie w niemieckim przedsiębiorstwie. Poprzez swoją pracę, determinację oraz pasję byłam w stanie bardzo szybko nauczyć się tego języka i znaleźć pracę. Musiałam być skuteczna w używaniu języka niemieckiego i skuteczna w komunikacji z Niemcami. I wymagam tego samego teraz od swoich uczniów. Mają być skuteczni w używaniu języka niemieckiego, czyli porozumieć się z Niemcem. Jeśli mój uczeń się nie uczy albo nie chce się uczyć, to niestety rezygnuję z dalszej pracy z nim. Chcę pracować tylko z zaangażowanymi ludźmi, którzy wiedzą, czego chcą. I to działa :-).

Kiedy zaczęłaś pisać bloga / o czym piszesz na blogu?

Zaczęłam pisać bloga w 2013 roku – w momencie, gdy dopiero uczyłam się języka niemieckiego, posługując się językiem angielskim (bo od angielskiego zaczynałam na emigracji). Blog na początku miał nazwę: „Angielski i Niemiecki oczami Polki” (angielski-niemiecki.com). Niedawno postanowiłam skupić się jedynie na niemieckim i zmieniłam nazwę bloga na „Niemiecki oczami Polki”. Podjąłem taką decyzję, mając na względzie to, że napisałam dwie książki językowe, tj. „Niemiecki w marketingu” oraz „Znasz angielski? Poznaj niemiecki! Kompendium językowo-kulturowe”, eksponujące ten język i kulturę, oraz to, że moją pasją stał się język niemiecki, a nie język angielski. Na blogu piszę o języku niemieckim i kulturze niemieckiej, czasami nawiązując do języka angielskiego. Ponadto m.in. opisuję tam swoje doświadczenia życiowe dotyczące używania języka i relacji z ludźmi w różnych miejscach świata, a także dzielę się swoimi spostrzeżeniami językowo-kulturowymi.

Czym jest dla Ciebie Klub Polki?

Przede wszystkim platformą, gdzie mogą się spotkać Polki z całego świata i poznać swoje pasje, współpracować ze sobą, tworzyć nowe projekty oraz wspierać siebie w realizacji własnych zamierzeń. Uważam, że ten Klub to nie tylko „klub” jako zbiór osób, ale i każdy bloger jako indywiduum. Dlaczego? Bo każdy bloger musiał zaczynać indywidualnie, a klub jest tylko jedną z płaszczyzn jego działalności. Dzięki Klubowi poznałam parę fajnych blogerek, przy czym w ich głębsze poznanie zaangażowałam się dopiero po tym, jak zobaczyłam, jaką stronę prowadzą indywidualnie. Klub moim zdaniem jest zatem głównie platformą współpracy INDYWIDUALNYCH blogerów.

Co jeszcze chciałabyś nam powiedzieć o sobie?

Spełniajcie marzenia! Czas macie ograniczony i zasoby energetyczno-umysłowo- fizyczne
również. Nie ma na co i na kogo czekać. Czekanie to jedna z największych zmor tego
świata. Ciągnie Cię do czegoś? ZRÓB TO. NATYCHMIAST. Bez takiego nastawienia nie
doszłabym do tego etapu, na którym jestem teraz. Jestem obecnie „uporządkowana”
wewnętrznie – nie boję się o swoje szanse zawodowe i swoje szanse w życiu prywatnym.
Wiem, że to ja jestem odpowiedzialna za to, co mam. Jeśli doświadczasz w czymś porażki, ale było to dla Ciebie ważne - nie rezygnuj z walki o to. Tylko na porażkach się uczymy. A nie na sukcesach. Sukcesy są jedynie... zakończeniem realizacji jakiegoś marzenia. Sukces jest informacją dla Ciebie: „To już koniec. Idź dalej". Porażka: „To już koniec. Idź w inną stronę. Albo postaraj się bardziej”.

Poza tym ostatnio zauważyłam różnice między słowem „cel”, a „marzenie". Jeśli cele nie są Twoim marzeniem, to ich nie zrealizujesz. Nie starczy Ci siły na drodze pełnej trudności. Marzenia zsyła nam Bóg, a cele wyznaczamy sobie tylko my (albo społeczeństwo?) i niestety niekoniecznie są one zgodne z naszym przeznaczeniem. Dlatego każdą porażkę dokładnie przeanalizuj - czy było to marzenie, czy cel? Może warto zmienić swoje plany na przyszłość? Powiem jeszcze raz: NATYCHMIAST skieruj się do realizacji swoich marzeń. Jesteś tego warty/warta.


ANNA JASTRZĘBSKA

Blog Ani: angielski-niemiecki.com 

Aniu, dziękujemy za to, że opowiedziałaś nam o sobie. Przyłączamy się do tego, co mówisz o spełnianiu marzeń. Nie czekajmy do jutra, realizujmy je już dzisiaj. I nie bójmy się, że nam się nie uda. Nie uda się napewno jesli w ogóle nie spróbujemy. Powodzenia!

Zdjęcia: Anna Jastrzębska
 




Monday, January 8, 2018

Mom's WW2 Stories: Wilie

Not long after the beginning of the war, mom's family was assigned a lodger by the Nazi Army. The man who occupied one of the rooms in the family's flat was a German officer who served on the speed-boats patrolling the war port area. His name was Wilhelm S. Luckily, soon it appeared that he was quite a decent and friendly human being. The fact that grandma and her daughters were fluent in German made the coexistence easier as well.

Wilhelm had a wife and a son in Germany. The wife (her name was Lena) sent him packages with food, sweets and other things which were hard to come by in the occupied by Nazis Poland. Whenever the man got a parcel, he gave the food and sweets to mom and her sister. Food and such goodies as chocolate were scarce during the war so the gifts were helpful and appreciated.

Mom and the rest of mom's family called the lodger "Willie".

One day, grandma said to him: "Wilie, come and help me steal some coal".

The coal was not available for Polish people then, only Germans could purchase it legally. That was why the Polish were to freeze in the wintertime or be "innovative" regarding getting the coal.

The man replied: "Hitler does not allow me to do that."

Grandma explained: "It is going to get cold, if we do not have the coal, we will all be freezing here." And the man went with her to "find and fetch" some coal.

As I wrote in one of the previous posts, mom's father was arrested by the Nazis and sent to a Lager in Germany at the very beginning of WW2. I do not know how Wilhelm managed to do that, but he organized grandma's meeting with her husband. Needless to say, visiting military men who were kept at lagers was not a common thing at all. Not to mention that the POW camps for Polish, Soviet and other East European soldiers were more similar to regular concentration camps than to the camps where American and West European army men were held.

Grandma and her two daughters traveled to Germany by train then. In a compartment "for Germans only" together with Wilie. They were all scared as they were afraid of what would have happened if it had been discovered that a Polish woman and her children dared to be there. Fortunately, it was not and they all got to Münchehagen where Wilie's house was. Mom and the family met Wilhelm's wife in those days. Grandma and the girls stayed at the S' place for some time and after that, Wilhelm, grandma and her older daughter went to meet grandfather. Mom stayed with "Tante" (aunt) Lena in Münchehagen. Mom recalls that the lady was very good to her. Aunt Lena always asked her what she wanted to eat or what cake she would want to have on a given day. And she did cook, bake and get the little girl what she felt like having. All in all, mom lived with Mrs. Lena for a year. The S. liked her so much that they wanted to adopt her. However, grandma said "no" to that offer and besides, mom missed her family as well. All in all, Wilie brought mom back home to Gdynia on one of "his" speedboats.

During the war, Wilhelm Gustlof (which was a German military ship, previously used as a hospital ship) stayed in the war port. On Sundays, parties for German soldiers' children were held on the ship. With fun and goodies to eat. Once, Wilhelm took mom and her sister to such a party. The girls could speak German with a proper German accent so there was no problem with that. However, they had been told not to tell anybody (when on the ship) what their surname was. It would have become clear that the girls were Polish - of course, it would have ended terrible meaning both the officer and the kids. Mom's (two years older) sister was also instructed to look after the younger one (mom of course). Unfortunately, when they both were on the ship, the "big" sister was so eager to go and play with other kids that she left mom behind. The little one got lost and started crying. Soon she was found by some military men who served on the ship. The first thing they asked her about was her first name and surname. Mom cried even more then because she was afraid she would get in serious trouble. Nevertheless, she remembered what she had been told before and said that her name was S. The soldiers took her to the party room and nothing bad, only fun happened.

Wilhelm helped mom's family in many ways. He also made it possible for grandpa to come to Poland "for a leave" and participate in mom's sister's First Holy Communion day.

The above picture was taken on mom's sister's Holy Communion day (1942). Wilhelm S. is the first from the left, mom's dad on the right. First row - mom (from the right), her mom and sister.


Close to the end of WW2, before the Russian army came to our city, Wilie managed to escape home to Germany on a speed-boat. Mom and her family never saw him again although the man did write to them a few letters.




Friday, December 29, 2017

Wywiady Klubowe: Rozmowa z Anetą Grendą

Ostatni w tym roku Wywiad Klubu Polki na Obczyźnie zawiódł nas do Azji. W Wietnamie mieszka Aneta Grenda.


Aneto, witaj! Jak zwykle na początku rozmowy pytamy o Twoje szczególne miejsce w Polsce...

Pochodzę z Wielkopolski. Urodziłam się w Poznaniu, gdyż moja mama poczęła mnie, gdy pojechała w odwiedziny do swoich rodziców. Przyszłam na świat w Niedzielę Wielkanocną ku radości całej zgromadzonej rodziny. Aż do emigracji mieszkałam w Koninie lub jego okolicach.

Ha! Jeszcze jedna Poznanianka (z urodzenia)!

Jak dawno temu wyjechałaś z Polski?

Z Polski wyjechałam ponad osiem lat temu. Najpierw mieszkałam 6 lat w Katarze, a następnie aż do dzisiaj w Wietnamie.

Kraj/ kraje / przyczyna Twojej emigracji to...

Na emigrację wyjechaliśmy razem z mężem i synkiem, bo chcieliśmy po prostu „normalnie”, żyć. W kraju w tamtym momencie nie było to dla nas możliwe. Nasz synek chorował, mąż stracił pracę, a my marzyliśmy o tym, aby Adaś miał lepszy dostęp do medycyny i mógł rozwijać swoje pasje oraz spełniać marzenia. Wyemigrowaliśmy do Kataru, gdzie przeżyliśmy wiele najpiękniejszych chwil z naszym synkiem, jak i doświadczyliśmy bolesnej straty po odejściu Adasia do świata aniołów. Przenieśliśmy się do Wietnamu, który jest obecnie naszym domem. Jestem tutaj szczęśliwa. Każdy z nas robi to, co lubi. Mój mąż wykonuje swoją ukochaną pracę, a ja realizuję swoje pasje, na które mam teraz dużo czasu.

 

Twoje wykształcenie...

Z pierwszego zawodu jestem pielęgniarką. Następnie ukończyłam Zarządzanie i Marketing, zostając magistrem. Później były jeszcze studium i studia podyplomowe: masaż leczniczy i pedagogika. W tzw. międzyczasie skończyłam też wiele kursów uzupełniających.

Czym zajmujesz się na co dzień?

Dużo piszę (czasami zastanawiam się, dlaczego wcześniej tego nie robiłam) i fotografuję. Ponadto podróżuję, spaceruję po różnych zakamarkach, czytam, gotuję i co najważniejsze dbam o nas, czyli o siebie i męża.

Jakie masz hobby / co lubisz robić w czasie wolnym?

Poza pisaniem uwielbiam podróże, pyszne jedzenie, gotowanie, książki, filmy, biżuteryjne fantazje i fotografowanie, a od niedawno wędkowanie "no kill". Mam też i inne pasje. Większość z nich dzielę z moim mężem, a niektóre są tylko moje własne.

 


Z czego jesteś dumna?

Dumna jestem z tego, że nauczyłam się żyć chwilą, a także z tego, kim jestem obecnie. Moje motto brzmi:
,,
Nie wymażę niczego z mojego życia. Każda rzecz, nawet najmniejsza,
doprowadziła mnie do tego, kim jestem teraz.
Rzeczy piękne nauczyły mnie kochać życie. Rzeczy złe nauczyły mnie jak żyć.”
Bob Marley


Kiedy zaczęłaś pisać bloga / o czym piszesz na blogu?

Bloga zaczęłam pisać ponad dwa lata temu, mieszkając już tutaj w Wietnamie, a dokładniej mówiąc w Hanoi. Tematy zawarte na mojej stronie dotyczą podróży i życia codziennego, bo życie to podróż, a podróże to życie z kimś…dokądś…w głąb siebie…


Czym jest dla Ciebie Klub Polki?

Klub Polek jest niezwykłym fenomenem, miejscem spotkań i wielu rozważań. Już od 5 lat łączy kobiety Polki z całego świata. Mamy wśród nas także jednego Rodzynka". Zazwyczaj spotkania mają formę wirtualną, ale nie tylko. Odbywają się one także w realu, co według mnie jest niezwykłym przeżyciem. Potrafimy przebyć tysiące kilometrów, aby się zobaczyć, a wiele relacji staje się głębszymi i nawiązujemy przyjaźnie, które są niezwykłe.

Co jeszcze chciałabyś nam powiedzieć o sobie?

Kiedyś byłam niepoprawną optymistką. Teraz staram się żyć optymistycznie. Najcudowniejsze i magiczne chwile przeżyłam z synkiem i mężem. Najpiękniejsze dla mnie miejsca z niesamowitą aurą to Nepal i Himalaje, Laos oraz góry północnego Wietnamu. Żyję chwilą, tym co tu i teraz, starając się cieszyć każdym dniem.


ANETA GRENDA

Strony Anety:
Blog: Życie i Podróże
Facebook 
Instagram: @zycieipodroze

Aneto, dziękujemy za spotkanie. Życzymy Tobie i wszystkim Czytelnikom Wywiadów wspaniałego Nowego Roku. Wszystkiego dobrego!

Zdjęcia: Aneta Grenda




Wednesday, December 20, 2017

Ideller Gant Bailey

Ideller Gant was the first child and the oldest daughter of Benjamin Thomas Gant Jr. and Mary Ellen Riggs'. Little Ideller was called Della by her family, she was born in Sumner County, Tennessee on March 26, 1875.

According to Census records, in the year 1880, Della lived with her parents and a five year younger sister Elva at District 13 in Sumner, Tennesse. 

The family must have moved to Texas in 1880 as the third daughter of  Benjamin and Mary's (Effie) was born in Collin County, TX in September 1880.

Della got married in 1894 when she was 19 (estimated year - based on Census records). Her spouse Lafayette Bailey was 25 then. He was born on February 1869 in Tennessee. The marriage ceremony took place in Collin County (probably in Plano where most of the family lived then), TX.


Little is known about Mr. Lafayette and hardly anything about his parents. The only information which I have found, regarding his mother, is that her maiden name was probably Christian (as stated on the death certificate completed after Mr. Bailey's departure). Both his parents were born in Tennessee (Census 1900**).

Three years after the marriage, on October 25, 1897, Della gave birth to a daughter who was named Marie. 

In 1900 another Census** took place. The records inform that the Bailey couple lived then with their child Marie, a servant and five male boarders at Justice Precinct 5 (west part) in Plano town, Collin, Texas. One of the boarders was Albert Abner Angle born in 1864 in TN. He was Della's mother's cousin.

Lafayette Bailey age 31
Della Bailey wife, age 25
Marie Bailey daughter,  age 3, born in Texas

The Census says, that at that time Mr. Lafayette Bailey was a liveryman. By the way, I had no idea what the profession was and I learned something again - a liveryman was the keeper of horsed carriages rental service. All in all, I assume, Della's family probably was quite well off then.

According to my findings, Marie, Della and Lafayette's daughter, married Bert L. Fowler, born in Corinth, Texas, on May 13, 1893. Bert's parents were Charles Fowler and Alice E. Bowles. The spouse was a slender man with blue eyes and brown hair (the information included in the below document).

Bert's military registration card (WWI) also shows that the marriage must have taken place before or in 1917, as his draft registration was completed on September 17, 1917, and Bert had already been married. The couple lived at 155 Bolivar Street in Denton then, and he worked for Denton Record and Chronicle newspaper.


Marie and Bert had only one child (?) Bert L. Fowler Jr. born in 1919.

The Census from 1930*** informs that Della and her husband lived on their own in Denton, TX when the records were made. Lafayette worked as a farmer but the house they owned was not situated on a farm.

Lafayette Bailey - head, age 61
Idella Bailey - wife, age 54

In 1942 Bert Fowler Senior was registered again (WWII draft registration). He and his wife had moved to a house at 1309 Panhadle St. in Denton. I googled that address, it appeares there is still a house at the very same place. However, according to the online info, the current house was built in 1945 so something must have happened to the place where Marie and Bert lived in 1942. Anyway, Bert Sr. worked for Century Education Life Ins. Co. (?) then.

Two years later, when Della was 69, her husband Lafayette passed away. It happened on July 21, 1944 at 4:30 PM, in their home at 321 West Oak Street in Denton, TX. The cause of death stated on the death certificate was coronary occlusion (blockage of the blood flow in the coronary artery which probably caused a heart attack). The condition was related to "Arterial Tensions and Paralysis". Probably Lafayette had had a stroke (he had been treated by a doctor since July 19) and suffered from hypertension. He was buried at I00F Cemetery in Denton which is now marked as a historic graveyard of Texas.

A few years after that, Della followed her husband. She died of a heart attack at her home at 321 W. Oak St. at 8:45 AM, on April 18, 1948. It seems she had suffered from Arteriosclerosis and untreated thyroid which led to the lethal heart condition. Mrs. Ideller Bailey's eternal resting place is also at the IOOF Cemetery in Denton. Quite ironically, the funeral home which serviced both Della and her husband on their last journey, was situated next to their house, at 320 W. Oak St. in Denton.
It appears that Della and Lafayette's house was also close to the 150 year old St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, not far from the nowadays Historical Park of Denton. These days at 321 W. Oak St. there is a bank. Marie, their daughter, lived with her family not far from her parents' place (within 19-minute walking distance).

Marie Bailey Fowler, Ideller's daughter, died of sudden death at All Saints Hospital in Fort Worth. She passed away on January 12, 1949 due to ventricular fibrillation related to possible "pulmonary embolus" (a lungs artery blockage). There is a question mark on the death certificate next to "pulmonary embolus", that was why I used the word 'possible'. Marie had been at the hospital for a week before the critical embolus occurred. She was buried at the same Cemetary where her parents' bodies had found their final resting place. Della lived for 73 years, her husband Lafayette was 75 when he died, their daughter only 51.

All the records mentioned in the post were found at familysearch.org. I downloaded the copies of documents and studied them but chose not to enclose them here (besides the one from 1917).
 

* "United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MDWX-5ZM : 15 July 2017), Elva Oar Gant in household of Benjamin T Gant, District 13, Sumner, Tennessee, United States; citing enumeration district ED 219, sheet 206D, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 1282; FHL microfilm 1,255,282.
** "United States Census, 1900," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M3L3-JX9 : accessed 15 December 2017), Della Bailey in household of Lafayette Bailey, Justice Precinct 5 (west part) Plano town, Collin, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) 16, sheet 8A, family 159, NARA microfilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972.); FHL microfilm 1,241,621.
***"United States Census, 1930," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:H5CB-C3Z : accessed 18 December 2017), Lafayett Bailey, Denton, Denton, Texas, United States; citing enumeration district (ED) ED 3, sheet 20B, line 96, family 521, NARA microfilm publication T626 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 2002), roll 2323; FHL microfilm 2,342,057;
information from FamilySearch.org




Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Mom's WW2 Stories: Air Rides, Bicycle and Dugouts

When the war started, grandma sewed for her daughters little backpacks in which she put some sets of clothing to change, food rations and water. Whenever an air raid started, they all took their backpacks and ran to the nearby bunker which was also a bomb shelter. On weekdays, when grandma was at work, in case of an air raid, the girls had to go the shelter without their mother.

One day mom was at home on her own as her two years older sister had gone out to play. Suddenly, the air ride sirens took off, it was time to rush to the bomb shelter again. But mom, a few year old girl then, was on her own. She did not know what to do. Her sister was not in, and they were supposed to go and hide together! Mom was scared. Not only because she was afraid of the shelling, but also because something terrible could happen to her sister Zenia. Mom took their backpacks and ran out of the house. Bombs were falling down from the sky. Mom cried, she was horrified. Where is Zenia? Instead of going to the shelter, she was trying to find her sister. Despite the bombs exploding everywhere, she ran around the house, calling her sister's name: “Zenia! Zenia!”.

Finally, mom did find her, on the hill behind the building. Zenia was sitting in the dugout which the girls and their friend had made together. Mom was relieved and happy that Zenia was fine. Nevertheless, she was still terrified because of the bombing. She moved the board pieces which were covering the dugout and jumped into it. The two girls sat there together till the end of the air ride.

Mom was a little girl then, and she could not ride a bike. One day, Zenia and their friend (who was their neighbors' daughter), decided to teach mom how to ride. They did not have their own bicycles but it was not a problem to them. They took the one which was placed at the house wall by its owner - Mr. D. the landlord.

At first, everything went fine. Mom's sister and the other girl were holding the bike at the back to keep it straight and mom enjoyed her very first bike ride going down a little hill. However, at some point, 'the instructors' assumed mom had already learned how to ride and stopped supporting the vehicle. When mom realized she was riding on her own, she lost her balance and rode straight into the wall of one of the wooden storage places which were not far from the house. The girl fell off the bike. She was alright, but the bicycle wheels were not. The impact turned them into something which more reminded two 'eights' instead of two circles.

The three girls got nervous - it did not look good. What if the landlord will catch them dealing with the destroyed thing which no longer reminded the machine it used to be? So they took the bike back where it was before they started the riding lesson and hid in the dugout made by mom and her sister's girlfriend's parents. Not long after that, Mr. D. came.

He found the girls in their hideout and ask them: "Do you know who destroyed my bicycle?"

"No, we don't!", the three ones shouted altogether in reply. The landlord turned back went to the house mumbling something about the hooligans who ruined his machine. Probably he very well knew or at least suspected who those mischief makers could be. Anyhow, he said nothing to the girls' parents and they did not tell about what had happened to anybody either. Well, at least for some time.

Mom, Zenia and their parents - Hel, 1938








Thursday, November 30, 2017

Movies Monthly: October

The shows which we enjoyed most.

TV Series 

The Collection - BBC - 2016 (drama) - the designers mother - her look remonds me of a lady I used to know.

Tracy Ullman's Show - 2016 (comedy) - BBC - funny but we are not always sure who is being portrayed in an episode (who that person is supposed to be). Thanks to the series we found out who the new husband of Jerry Hall's is. By the way, Jerry and my husband did go to the same high school.

The Doctor Blake Mysteries - 2013 Australian detective story

Murdoch Mysteries - the seventh season of the Canadian detective story - always enjoy watching it. If you do not know Murdoch was not only a bright minded detective but also a  smart inventor.

Documentary Series

The Civil War: Brothers Divided - 2017 - very informative shown with a presonal approach, naming the soldiers who took part in the battles on both sides of the war and what happened to them later.

Mike Judge Presents: Tales from the Touring Bus (cartoon) - quite a different type of documentary. I did not know much about those country singers. An Interesting way of presenting their music careers/life stories.

Our October Classics

The Killer Elite - 1975 (action, thriller) - I watched it for the first time in the 80s.


Magnum PI - 1980 (crime, action) - we watched a few episodes of that old but enjoyable series.

The Blues Brothers - 1980 (musical, comedy) - great music and good, funny stuff.


Catch 22 - 1970  (drama, war) - it is not really a comedy, more a movie that makes you think of certain things. I have heard that the book by Joseph Heller is no longer on the reading lists in some school districts. If it is true you may think - why. Anyway, it was even more interesting to watch the movie.


Mockery - 1927 (drama) - silent movie - the story and the actors' parts are still interetsing to watch. Also because they are different than the nowadays moving pictures and the acting as well.

The Devil's Rejets - 2005 (crime) - finally I know where the line "What's the matter kid, don't you like clowns?" comes from.

Other Movies

Momentum - 2015 (action) - we had never seen an action movie filmed in South Africa. Pretty areas and a good action plot.

Postman - 1997 (adventure, drama) - one of the movies with a deeper message. I am not sure how many such brave mail deliverers wold be found today if it was needed.


Victor Frankenstein - 2015 (SF) - quite a different version of the traditional Frankenstein's story.

The Accidental Spy - 2001 (action, comedy) - always funny and entertaining Jackie Chan.

Bang Bang Baby - 2014 (musical) crazy but entertaining + good singing.

Pineapple Express - 2008 (action, comedy) stupid but entertaining.

Road to Perdition - 2002 (crime, drama) - good movie and a mafia man's story.

The Young Messiah - 2016 (drama) - the only movie showing Jesus as a little boy which I had ever seen. Nice and interesting approach.

When Time Expires - 1997 (SF) - We did enjoy watching it - the slowly developing plot is intriguing and involving but totally different from the nowadays SF movies.

Our Halloween Night Shows



Ten Little Indians - 1965 - a clasic based on the novel by Agatha Christie.

White Zombie - 1932 - The first zombie film - the original meaning of 'a zombie' shown in the movie.


House of Wax - 1953 - an early 3D movie + in color